ISO 27001
4 min

What are the requirements of ISO 27001?

Posted by: Ông Nur Kamal Bin Kamari Date: 16 Oct 2023


In the digital age, data holds immense value and drives the success of organisations and businesses. Protecting valuable data from potential risks is crucial. Implementing an Information Security Management System (ISMS) is essential for companies to safeguard their information assets effectively. An ISMS comprises procedures and policies that systematically manage the security and potential threats associated with an organisation’s information security.

ISO 27001 provides a framework for an effective implementation of ISMS. It defines the risk-based governance structure, allowing the organisation to select applicable information security controls that best suit its environment and business needs. ISO 27001 empowers companies to protect their data efficiently, risk-based, and methodically. It allows them to customise practices to suit their information systems while complying with essential requirements, such as implementing established controls.

Requirements of ISO 27001

The ISO 27001 framework offers flexibility for businesses to adopt controls based on their specific needs and suitability. It includes 93 controls categorised into 4 themes, namely organisational, people, physical and technological. While the framework provides flexibility, there are vital requirements that organisations must follow for the effective implementation and continuity of an ISMS.

In adopting the ISO 27001 framework, businesses must comply with specific mandatory requirements and documentation. These include scoping the areas of the ISMS, establishing security policies and objectives, conducting risk assessment and treatment, and more, as outlined in the framework's clauses and sub-clauses. In ensuring the effective implementation of ISMS, regular internal audits and management reviews are mandated. This will provide the management with a complete evaluation of the ISMS implementation. Compliance with these requirements ensures adherence to the ISO 27001 framework and strengthens the effectiveness and efficiency of the ISMS.

Requirements for ISO 27001:2022

The last version of ISO 27001 that came into effect in 2013 was revised recently. The core requirements remain the same as mentioned in Clauses 4 to 10 in the ISO 27001 framework and can be incorporated by the businesses as per their scenario:

  • Scope: ISO 27001 covers all aspects of information security management. It is designed to cover all aspects of the ISMS lifecycle that includes establishing, implementing, maintaining, and improving. The standard is suitable and applicable to organisations in all industries or government institutions.
  • Normative References: Various ancillary references help an organisation to understand the requirements of an ISO 27001 framework. Some of these are:
    • ISO/IEC 27000: Helps in defining the key concepts and terms used in the ISO 27001 framework and acts as a dictionary of the vocabulary of information security management systems.
    • ISO/IEC 27002: Known as the Code of Practice for Information Security Management, it provides guidance on how organisations can select and implement suitable controls per their needs.
    • ISO/IEC 27008: Provides help in establishing, implementing, maintaining, and continuously enhancing an organisation's information security management system.
  • Terms and Definitions: Serves to provide a consistent understanding and vocabulary for all parties engaged in the standard's implementation.
  • Context of the Organisation: In implementing ISMS, all aspects of the requirements must be considered. This includes understanding the company, its business operations, the needs and expectations of stakeholders, and internal and external issues that come under the scope of an ISMS.
  • Leadership: ISO 27001 states that senior leadership should be directly involved with ISMS and have a policy that clearly defines organisational roles, responsibilities and authority with regard to information security.
  • Planning: It outlines that every company must have information security objectives that are SMART (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant and Time-bound) and should be at par with the organisational goals at large. Based on these objectives, a plan should be made to ensure smooth implementation and improvement of ISMS.
  • Support: ISO 27001 states that the implementation of ISMS is backed by a lot of support that comes in the form of resources – both capital and human. Competence of personnel, ISMS awareness and communication protocols are mandatory requirements of ISO 27001.
  • Operation: Risk assessment is one of the main pillars in implementing ISMS. Organisations are required to identify and manage the information security risk affecting their business operations.
  • Performance evaluation: In assessing the effectiveness and compliance with ISO 27001, organisations are required to assess the achievement of the information security objectives and conduct an internal audit on a regular basis. A management review covering the critical checkpoints of ISMS activities is required to ensure that management has oversight of ISMS.
  • Improvement: Like all other ISO standards, the organisation is expected to continually improve the ISMS implementation and controls, which includes addressing all of the audit findings.

While implementing an ISMS and preparing to obtain an ISO 27001 certification, companies often require assistance from an institution with excellent expertise. This is where TÜV SÜD’s ISO 27001 Certification services are a perfect market fit. The detailed processes, along with their expert support and training programs, make the task for a company much easier as everything is taken care of, not only till the implementation of an ISMS and obtaining of ISO 27001 certification but also in the continual improvement of ISMS over the years.

Learn more about ISO 27001 ISMS here, and our training services:

ISO/IEC 27001:2022 Auditor/ Lead Auditor
ISO/IEC 27001:2022 Information Security Management Systems Awareness
• ISO/IEC 27001:2022 Information Security Management Systems Implementer
ISO/IEC 27001:2022 Information Security Management Systems Internal Auditor
ISO/IEC 27001:2022 Information Security Management Systems Lead Auditor Conversion

Bước tiếp theo

Chọn vị trí