China

Capitalize on the market opportunities in China

Capitalize on the market opportunities in China

ChinaProduct safety requirements and regulations are put in place to reduce risks, improve quality of life and ensure safety during use. Most products entering the Chinese market must meet the relevant requirements of the authorities depending on the product scope. These regulations and compliance requirements can pose challenges to companies who are entering new markets.

You can ensure that your products successfully meet the Chinese standards by working with a market leader, TÜV SÜD. TÜV SÜD fully understands the local requirements and procedures applicable in China. You can rely on our expertise and knowledge to help you access key markets efficiently while at the same time, be assured of our objectivity, integrity and professionalism.

CLICK ON THE RESPECTIVE CATEGORIES BELOW TO GET MARKET ACCESS INFORMATION for EACH CATEGORY


  • Plug types

    Type A

    Plug A

    Type C

    Plug C

    Type I

    Plug I

  • Electrical Safety and EMC

    Regulatory agency

    Certification and Accreditation Administration of the People’s Republic of China (CNCA)

    Regulations

    • Any product covered by the CCC catalogue of products should acquire the CCC Mark as a form of compulsory certification.
    • Products must be tested in China by an accredited test laboratory.
    • Initial factory inspection is required.
    • Manufacturers must submit their CCC application to an authorized CB.
    • Compliance with GB standards.
    • EMC compliance is required for the above, where applicable.

    Guidelines 

    Certification procedure:

    • Submit an application with supporting materials to an authorized CB.
    • Test product samples in a CNCA- designated test laboratory in China.
    • Initial factory inspection and annual follow-up factory inspections are required.
    • Obtain CCC Certificate approval.
    • Obtain CCC Mark.

    Applicable product categories

    Products categories requiring CCC Mark include:

    • Agricultural machinery
    • Audio and video apparatus
    • Decoration material
    • Electric tools
    • Electrical wires and cables
    • Fire-fighting products
    • Household and similar use appliances
    • Information Technology Equipment
    • Lighting apparatus
    • Low-voltage electrical apparatus
    • Motor vehicles and safety parts
    • Safety glasses
    • Security products
    • Small power motors
    • Switches for circuits, installation protective and connection devices
    • Telecommunication terminal equipment
    • Tires
    • Toy products
    • Welding machines
    • Wireless LAN products

    To determine if a particular product is subject to the above regulations, please contact us.

    Our services at a glance

    TÜV SÜD provides a full suite of CCC services including document preparation and pre-check, application for certification, coordination for type test and initial factory inspection, release of certification and test report, obtaining CCC Mark and coordination for follow-up factory inspection as a bulleted listing instead of in a table.

  • Energy Efficiency

    Regulatory agency

    The China Energy Label Center (CELC)

    Regulations

    • Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) are required for many products.
    • Mandatory labelling is required for certain products.
    • Manufacturers need to register compliance online with the China Energy Label Website.
    • Testing must be performed by recognised accredited test laboratories.
    • The Chinese National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), Chinese Administration for Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ) and Chinese Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MITT) jointly issued a notice setting out the implementation rules for five products under the “Leader” Energy Efficiency Program on December 2017. Approved products can be marked as “Leader” products. This programme is implemented on a voluntary basis.

    Guidelines

    • Manufacturers need to submit essential documentation and test reports to obtain approval.
    • Registered products will be listed on the website.

    Applicable product categories

    Product categories that require energy efficiency labelling include:

    • Air compressors
    • Air conditioners
    • Chillers
    • Computer monitors
    • Copiers
    • Domestic cookers
    • Fans
    • Lamps
    • Power transformers
    • Refrigerators
    • Small motors
    • Washing machines
    • Water heaters

    A full list of product categories may be found here.

    Leader Energy Efficiency Program:

    • Household refrigerators
    • Flat panel television
    • Electric washing machines
    • Lighting products, and
    • Variable speed room air conditioners

    To determine if a particular product is subject to the above regulations, please contact us.

    From 15 march 2019, the following product ranges are subject to mandatory hazardous substance restrictions set out in GB/T 26572-2011:

    • Air conditioners
    • Copier
    • Electric water heaters
    • Fax machines
    • Microcomputers
    • Mobile communication devices
    • Monitors
    • Printers
    • Refrigerators
    • Telephones
    • Televisions
    • Washing machines

    Our services at a glance

    TÜV SÜD has the experience and capability to support manufacturers in attaining compliance with Chinese requirements and obtaining the necessary approval. TÜV SÜD can also support manufacturers in obtaining voluntary endorsement labels.

  • Environmental

    Regulatory agency

    Ministry of Industry and Information Technology

    Regulations

    • China RoHS 2 covers electrical and electronic products.
    • The order restricts the use of the following six hazardous substances in electrical equipment namely:
    1. Lead and its compounds
    2. Mercury and its compounds
    3. Cadmium and its compounds
    4. Hexavalent chromium compounds
    5. Polybrominated biphenyls (PBB)
    6. Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE).
    • Suppliers of electrical and electronic equipment can use the China RoHS 2 Conformity Assessment Public Service Platform to declare the use of hazardous substances in their products. The platform can be found at here.

    Guidelines

    Companies may choose either of the following methods to complete the conformity assessment:

    • Voluntary Certification: Company may choose third party certification institution to certify the products as compliant with standards and technical on restricted use of hazardous chemicals.
    • Company Self-declaration: The suppliers (manufacturers, or delegated agency) may conduct self evaluation to prove compliance with standards and technical requirements on restricted use of hazardous chemicals.

    Companies choosing voluntary certification to complete conformity assessment may use Label 1 as conformity label while companies choosing self-declaration may use Label 2.

    Applicable product categories

    Product categories that require energy efficiency labelling include:

    • Air compressors
    • Air conditioners
    • Chillers
    • Computer monitors
    • Copiers
    • Domestic cookers
    • Fans
    • Lamps
    • Power transformers
    • Refrigerators
    • Small motors
    • Storage type water heaters
    • Washing machines
    • Water heaters, etc.

    A full list of product categories may be found here.

    Leader Energy efficiency Program:

    • Household refrigerators
    • Flat panel televisions
    • Electric washing machines
    • Lighting products, and
    • Variable speed room air conditioners

    To determine if a particular product is subject to the above regulations, please contact us.

    From 15 march 2019, the following product ranges are subject to mandatory hazardous substance restrictions set out in GB/T 26572-2011:

    • Air conditioners
    • Copier
    • Electric water heaters
    • Fax machines
    • Microcomputers
    • Mobile communication devices
    • Monitors
    • Printers
    • Refrigerators
    • Telephones
    • Televisions
    • Washing machines

    Our services at a glance

    TÜV SÜD has the experience and capability to support manufacturers in attaining compliance with Chinese requirements and obtaining the necessary approval. TÜV SÜD can also support manufacturers in obtaining voluntary endorsement labels.

  • Telecom

    Regulatory agency

    Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT)

    Regulations

    • Network Access License (NAL) approval is mandatory for all telecommunications equipment covered by the NAL product categories announced by MIIT.
    • Testing must be conducted in MIIT designated laboratories in China.
    • MIIT’s NAL Certification Centre is the only authorised certification organisation.
    • Each type of approved product will be issued a Network Access Identifier (NAI) with the certification number.
    • Products must be marked with the NAL label.

    Guidelines

    NAL* approval procedure:

    • Submit an application.
    • Get the product tested by MIIT accredited test laboratories.
    • Go through a quality audit.
    • Obtain an approval certificate.
    • Label products appropriately.
    • * Since some telecommunication products are subject to both NAL approval and CCC certification, applicants are advised to apply for the NAL approval first before CCC certification, to avoid repeat testing, as some parts of the NAL test results may be used for CCC certification.

    Applicable product categories

    The scope of China NAL approval includes 3 categories of equipment:

    • Internet Equipment
    • Radio Telecom Terminal Equipment
    • Telecom Terminal Equipment

    To determine if a particular product is subject to the above regulations, please contact us.

    Our services at a glance

    TÜV SÜD has the experience and capability to support manufacturers in attaining compliance according to Chinese requirements and obtaining the necessary approvals.

  • Wireless

    Regulatory agency

    Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of the People’s Republic of China (MIIT)

    Regulations

    • SRRC (State Radio Regulatory Commission of the People’s Republic of China) Certification is compulsory for all products with modular radio.
    • SRRC is the only designated certification organisation for Radio type approval, and the SRRC will assign test to its recognised testing laboratory for the testing.
    • No formal mark is required apart from a CMIIT ID that must appear on products or labels.

    Guidelines

    Radio type* approval procedure: 

    • Submit an application.
    • Test the product locally at SRMC.
    • Review of test report.
    • Obtain an approval certificate from SRRC.
    • * It should be noted that some radio emission products not only fall into the production scope of radio type approval but also that of CCC certification and/or Network Access License (NAL) approval.

    Applicable product categories

    In principle, all radio emission equipment whose frequencies are above 9kHz require radio equipment type approval in China. To determine if a particular product is subject to the above regulations, please contact us.

    Our services at a glance

    TÜV SÜD has the experience and capability to support manufacturers in attaining compliance according to Chinese requirements and obtaining the necessary approvals.

FAQ About China RoHS II

  • What is China RoHS II?

    The RoHS II is the management method for the Restriction of the Use of Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Products. This regulation is designed to:

    • control and reduce pollution of the environment caused by electrical and electronic products upon being discarded
    • promote the cleaner production of the electrical and electronic industry, resources comprehensive utilization
    • encourage green consumption, and
    • protect the environment and human physical health.         
  • When did the regulation come into force?

    China RoHS II was issued on January 6, 2016 and has been formally implemented on July 1, 2016. If the product has been tested and packaged after 1 July 2016, the product, manufactured domestically or overseas, has to satisfy the China RoHS II regulation.

  • Where does this regulation apply?

    China RoHS II is only mandatory in mainland China and is not applicable in Hong Kong, Macau or Taiwan.

  • How are the products defined and what are the product categories?

    “Electrical and electronic products” refer to devices and accessory products with rated working electrical voltages of no more than 1500 volts direct current, and 1000 volts alternating current which function by means of current or electromagnetic fields, and generate, transmit and measure such currents and electromagnetic fields. Power generation, transmission and distribution equipment is excluded [from this definition]. (Refer to China RoHS II regulation, Section I, Article 3).

    The categories include:

    • Telecommunication device/ Communications equipment
    • Broadcasting and TV equipment
    • Computers and other office equipment
    • Household appliances, electronic equipment
    • Electronic instruments
    • Industrial electrical and electronic equipment
    • Electrical tools
    • Medical electronic equipment and devices
    • Lighting products
    • Electrical products for education, sports and entertainment use, etc.

    The categories exclude:

    • Products involving energy production, transmission and distribution equipment, such as power plants, transmission and distribution power stations, building supply and distribution systems and equipment used
    • Electrical and electronic equipment for defense
    • Electrical and electronic equipment used in special environments or extreme environments
    • Electrical and electronic equipment for export
    • Electrical transportation equipment
    • Used equipment manufactured before July 1, 2016
    • Temporary entry of imported products or maintenance service, not for sale
    • Prototype for research/development, testing purposes
    • For exhibition and other purposes, not for sale, etc.

    Since March 15, 2019, the following 12 product ranges (defined in more details in the announcement) will be in the mandatory list of Restriction of the Use of Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Products:

    • Refrigerators (up to 800 liters)
    • Air conditioners (Rated cooling capacity ≤ 14,000 watts)
    • Washing machine (dry clothes ≤ 10 kg)
    • Water heaters
    • Printers (≤ A3, ≤ 60 pages / minute)
    • Copiers (≤ A3, ≤ 60 pages / minute)
    • Fax machines
    • TV sets
    • Monitors
    • Microcomputers (desktop with necessary peripherals, laptops, tablets)
    • Mobile communication handset
    • Telephones

    The 12 products mentioned above must meet the limitation requirements for electrical and electronic products restricted substances according to GB/T 26572-2011 (refer to table in "What are the requirements for China RoHS II?), and labelled according to SJ/T 11364-2014 (refer to table in "How to use the China RoHS II mark?"). When these 12 products are used as parts/components of products not included in the catalogue, there is no mandatory hazardous substances limitation requirements. These products would need to meet the China RoHS II requirement along with the whole equipment.

  • What are the requirements for China RoHS II?

    Restriction of hazardous substances national standards or industry standards currently refers to the following standard (including standard amendments):

    1. SJ/T 11364-2014 (Mark requirements for restriction of Hazardous Substances in electrical and electronic products)
    2. GB/T 26572-2011 (Limitation requirements for electrical and electronic products restricted substances)
    • Hazardous substances and limitation for each homogeneous material:
     Hazardous substances  Limitation
     Lead 0.1%
     Mecury 0.1%
    Hexavalent chromium 0.1%
    PBB 0.1%
    PBDE 0.1%
    Cadmium 0.01%
    1. Detection of harmful substances standards:
    • GB/T26125-2011, IDTIEC62321: 2008 (Test of electrical and electronic products six regulated substances, including lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls and PBDE)
    • GB/T29783-2013 (Atomic fluorescence spectrometry of Hexavalent chromium in electrical and electronic)

  • How do I use the China RoHS II Mark?
    Marks required
     
    • Contains no restricted substances
    • Environmentally friendly
    • Recyclable after being abandoned
    • Green is recommended (C:85, M:30, Y:85, K:20)
    • Environmentally Friendly Use Period (EFUP)
    • Contains hazardous substances
    • Use safely during EFUP (e.g. 10 years)
    • Should enter into the recycle system after EPUP
    • Orange is recommended (C:0, M:75, Y:100, K:0)

    The number "10" in the EFUP mark (previously known as Environmentally Protection Use Period (EPUP)) refers to the duration which hazardous substances in the electronic and electrical products will not leak or mutate under normal operating conditions and result in serious environmental pollution, serious bodily injury to the user or damage their assets during their normal use of the electronic and electrical product. Electronic and electrical products which contain hazardous substances must have this mark.

    Marking styles for the names and contents of Hazardous Substances (Must be in Chinese)
    China ROHS II FAQ - marking styles

    The China RoHS II must satisfy the standard SJ/T11364-2014.

  • What is the difference between China RoHS II and EU RoHS?

    Item 

    EU RoHS

    China RoHS II

    Product scope

    11 categories by 2019

    All products in scope and applies to products manufactured after July 1, 2016

    Product mark

    CE mark

    China RoHS marks

    Documentation

    DoC and TDF can be in English

    Disclosure table must be in Chinese

    Product scope exemptions

    Limited

    Limited, not intended to match EU

    Enforcement dates

    July 1, 2006

    July 16, 2016

    Hazardous substances

    6 currently, increased to 10 on July 22, 2019

    6 currently

    Packaging

    No

    Yes


  • What are the steps to gaining China RoHS II?
    1. Collect material content for raw materials, components, subassemblies
    2. General disclosure table in Chinese for finished products
    3. Label products accordingly

Next Steps

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