Effective and detailed nuclear power plant design ensures that all safety and security requirements are fulfilled. Furthermore, it increases public trust in nuclear safety and minimises worker exposure to radiation. It is crucial that any errors or weaknesses in radiation protection measures are detected at an early stage. This enables necessary corrections with minimal time and cost expenditure.
This white paper gives an overview of the design features in reactors and outlines best practices based on operational and maintenance experience. It underpins the necessity to design nuclear power plants in a way, that all required tasks can be performed with comparatively low exposure to radiation referring to ALARA principles.