Choose another country to see content specific to your location

//Select Country

CONSUMER PRODUCTS AND RETAIL E-SSENTIALS

Your regular update for technical and industry information

EU: Consumer organisation calls for specific monomers requirements in toys

june 2018 - Relevant for: Toys & children's products INDUSTRY

A consumer organisation, European Association for the Coordination of Consumer Representation in Standardization (ANEC), recently published a position paper1 that calls for specific monomers requirements in Appendix C of the Toy Directive 2009/48/EC.

Back to 2017, Germany identified 20 monomers with CMR (carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic of reproduction) properties that are regulated in FCM Regulation (EU) No. 10/2011 for plastics2, and proposed to derive specific limits for the monomers in toys. Germany pointed out that the general CMR limits according to CLP Regulation3 in toy directive are insufficient to protect children health in some cases.

Two of the monomers, bisphenol A (BPA)4 and phenol5, are already regulated under Appendix C of TSD, and a restriction for formaldehyde is under preparation by European Commission (EC). Seventeen remaining substances are needed to investigate further and some were already identified as the priority substances that should be restricted.

In the position paper, ANEC analysed the properties, toxicities, possible exposures for 5 priority substances which are likely to be used or found in toys. Content limits are proposed for non-threshold CMR substances following the recommendations given by the Scientific Committee6 , taking into account the limits in existing FCM regulation for plastic materials and toy safety standards.

Table 1. Recommended limits for priority monomers

Substance

CAS no.

Harmonised classification

Recommended limit

Test method

Potential application

Vinyl chloride (chloroethylene)

75-01-4

Carcinogenic 1A

1 mg/kg

EN ISO 6401 Determination of residual vinyl chloride monomer

Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)

1,3 butadiene (buta-1,3-diene

106-99-0

Carcinogenic 1A
Mutagenic 1B

1 mg/kg

EN 13130-4 Determination of 1,3-butadiene in plastics

Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), thermoplastic elastomers, rubbers such as styrene-butadiene (SBR)

Acrylonitrile

107-13-1

Carcinogenic 1B

1 mg/kg

ISO 4581 Determination of residual acrylonitrile monomer content

Styrene-acrylonitrile (SAN), acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), acrylonitrile styrene acrylate (ASA), and other synthetic rubbers such as acrylonitrile butadiene (NBR)

Acrylamide

79-06-1

Carcinogenic 1B,
Mutagenic 1B
Toxic of reproduction 2

1 mg/kg

To be determined

Polyacrylamides

Styrene

100-42-5

Toxic of reproduction 2

0.077 mg/l stimulant

EN 71-10 Organic chemical compounds – Sample preparation and extraction

Polystyrene (PS), acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR), styrene-acrylonitrile resin (SAN) and unsaturated polyesters

Table 2: Full list of monomers with CMR properties identified by Germany

Substance

CAS#

Substance

CAS#

Bisphenol A (BPA)

80-05-7

Acrylamide

79-06-1

Phenol

108-95-2

Ethylenimine

151-56-4

Formaldehyde

50-00-0

2,4-Toluene-diisocyanate

584-84-9

Vinyl chloride (chloroethylene)

75-01-4

Diphenylmethane-2,4´-diisocyanate

5873-54-1

1,3 butadiene (buta-1,3-diene)

106-99-0

1,4-Dihydroxy-benzene

123-31-9

Ethylene oxide

75-21-8

Vinyl acetate

108-05-4

Propylene oxide

75-56-9

Vinylidene chloride

75-35-4

2-Methyl-1,3- butadiene

78-79-5

1,3-Phenylene-diamine

108-45-2

Epichlorohydrin

106-89-8

Trioxane

110-88-3

Acrylonitrile

107-13-1

Styrene

100-42-5

 

[1] ANEC position paper on monomers in toys, May 2018
[2] Regulation (EU) No. 10/2011 on plastic materials and articles intended to come into contact with food
[3] CLP Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008
[4] European Commission lowers bisphenol A limit in toys, June 2017
[5] European Commission limits phenol in toys, May 2017
[6] SCHER opinion on risk from organic CMR substances in toys, May 2010

Next Steps

Select your location

Global

Americas

Asia

Europe

Middle East and Africa