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EU REACH: Restriction on CMRs in clothing, textiles and footwear published

october 2018- Relevant for: softlines

On 12 October 2018, the European Union’s Official Journal (OJEU) published a regulation - Regulation (EU) 2018/15131, added a new restriction on hazardous substances (carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic for reproduction (CMRs) category 1A or 1B) in clothing, other textiles and footwear under Annex XVII to REACH regulation as a newly added entry – Entry 72.

This new entry restricts groups of hazardous substances in clothing, other textile articles which come into contact with human skin, and footwear. These groups of restricted substances include heavy metals, phthalates, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), formaldehyde, certain azo dyes, and so on. Some of these restricted substances are overlapped with other REACH restrictions or other EU legislations. According to the new restriction, if there is any other stricter restriction or legislation on the chemical listed in this new restriction, the stricter one will apply.

The new restriction sets a general 24-months transitional period, and will apply from 1 November 2020.

See Table A and Table B for the Restriction on CMRs in textiles in details.

Table A. Restriction on CMRs in clothing, textiles and footwear

 Scope of restriction

•Clothing or related accessories;

•Textiles other than clothing which, under normal or reasonably foreseeable conditions of use, come into contact with human skin to an extent similar to clothing;



 See Table B for substances and limits


 •Clothing, related accessories or footwear, or parts of clothing, related accessories or footwear, made exclusively of nature leather, fur or hide;

•Non-textile fasteners and non-textile decorative attachments;•Second-hand clothing, related accessories, textiles other than clothing or footwear;

•Wall-to-wall carpets and textile floor coverings for indoor use, rugs and runners;

•Personal protective equipment (PPE) within the scope of Regulation (EU) 2016/425;

•Medical devices within the scope of Regulation (EU) 2017/745;

•Disposable textiles (i.e. textiles that are designed to be used only once or for a limited time and are not intended for subsequent use for the same or similar purpose).

 Date of application

 1 November 2020

Table B. Substances and limits within the restriction



 Limit (by weight in homogenous materials)

 Cadmium and its compounds (listed in Annex XVII, Entry 28, 29, 30, Appendices 1-6)


 Extractable Cadmium: 1 mg/kg

 Chromium VI compounds (listed in Annex XVII, Entry 28, 29, 30, Appendices 1-6)


 Extractable Chromium VI: 1 mg/kg

 Arsenic compounds (listed in Annex XVII, Entry 28, 29, 30, Appendices 1-6)


 Extractable Arsenic: 1 mg/kg

 Lead and its compounds (listed in Annex XVII, Entry 28, 29, 30, Appendices 1-6)


 Extractable Lead: 1 mg/kg



 5 mg/kg



1 mg/kg (each)



1 mg/kg (each)

 Benzo[a]pyrene; benzo[def]chrysene


1 mg/kg (each)



1 mg/kg (each)



1 mg/kg (each)



1 mg/kg (each)



1 mg/kg (each)



1 mg/kg (each)

 α,α,α, 4-tetrachlorotoluene; p-chlorobenzotrichloride


1 mg/kg

 α,α,α- trichlorotoluene; benzotrichloride


1 mg/kg

 α-chlorotoluene; benzylchloride


1 mg/kg



75 mg/kg

For jackets, coats or upholstery: during the period between 1 November 2020 and 1 November 2023: 300 mg/kg

 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid; di-C 6-8-branched alkylesters, C 7-rich


1000 mg/kg (individually or in combination with other phthalates in this entry or in other entries of Annex XVII that are classified in Part 3 of Annex VI to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 in any of the hazard classes CMR 1A or 1B)



 Bis(2-methoxyethyl) phthalate




 Di-n-pentyl phthalate (DPP)


 Di-n-hexyl phthalate (DnHP)


 N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone; 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP)


 3000 mg/kg

 N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMAC)


 3000 mg/kg

 N,N-dimethylfomamide; dimethyl fomamide (DMF)


 3000 mg/kg

 1,4,5,8-tetraaminoanthraquinone; C.I. Disperse Blue 1


 50 mg/kg

 Benzenamine, 4,4‘-(4-iminocyclohexa-2,5-dienylidenemethylene)dianiline hydrochloride; C.I.Basic Red 9


 50 mg/kg

 [4-[4,4‘-bis(dimethylamino)benzhydrylidene]cyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-ylidene]dimethylammonium chloride; C.I. Basic Violet 3 with ≥ 0,1% of Michler’s ketone (EC no. 202-027-5)


 50 mg/kg

 4-chloro-o-toluidinium chloride


 30 mg/kg



 30 mg/kg

 4-methoxy-m-phenylene diammonium sulphate; 2,4-diaminoanisole sulphate


 30 mg/kg

 2,4,5-trimethylaniline hydrochloride


 30 mg/kg



 50 mg/kg

[1] Legal text of Regulation (EU) 2018/1513




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