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EU: REACH Candidate List expands to 181 SVHCs

January 2018- Relevant for: Electrical & electronics, Hardlines, Softlines, Toys & children's products

On 15 January 2018, the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) published the 18th update of the REACH Candidate List1. Seven new Substances of Very High Concern (SVHCs) were added. Hence, the total number of SVHCs on the Candidate List increases from 174 to 1812. Bisphenol A (BPA) entry was updated to include endocrine disrupting properties which cause probable serious effects to the environment.

Among the nine substances3 which underwent public consultation during September and October, only eight new substances were proposed for inclusion in the Candidate List. Seven substances were newly included and BPA’s SVHC properties were revised. BPA was identified as a SVHC and included in Candidate List on 12 January 2017 with the “toxic for reproduction” property. In addition, it was updated with endocrine disrupting property which causes adverse effects to human health on 7 July 2017. Now the BPA entry was updated by including the endocrine disrupting property which causes adverse effects on the environment.

Out of the eight new proposed substances, only seven substances were included in the Candidate List, as all of them were judged to fulfil the SVHC criteria. The substance which was not included in the Candidate List is Tricobalt tetraoxide containing ≥ 0.1% w/w nickel oxides, because the dossier submitter withdrew their dossier.

Table A below lists the SVHCs newly included in the 18th update of Candidate List.

Table A.  Newly added SVHCs in the 18th update of Candidate List

Substance Name

CAS Number

(EC Number)

Reason for inclusion

Potential Application

1,6,7,8,9,14,15,16,17,17,18,18-Dodecachloropentacyclo [12.2.1.16,9.02,13.05,10]octadeca-7,15-diene (“Dechlorane Plus”TM) [covering any of its individual anti- and syn-isomers or any combination thereof]

- (-)

vPvB (Article 57e)

  • Used as a non-plasticizing flame retardant in moulded or extruded electrical/electronic applications, wires and cables;

  • Used in adhesives and sealants; explosives and binding agents;

  • Used in metal surface treatment products;

  • Used in polymer preparations and compounds.

Benz[a]anthracene

56-55-3
(200-286-6)

Carcinogenic (Article 57a)
PBT (Article 57d)
vPvB (Article 57e)

  • Normally not manufactured intentionally but may occur as a constituent or impurities in other substances.

  • This PAH can be found as impurities in plastic, pigment, paint and adhesive.

Cadmium nitrate

10325-94-7
(233-710-6)

Carcinogenic (Article 57a)
Mutagenic (Article 57b)
Specific target organ toxicity after repeated exposure (Article 57(f) - human health)

  • Used in laboratory chemicals and in formulations of cadmium containing mixtures;

  • Used in the manufacture of glass, porcelain and ceramic products;

  • Used in pigment for plastic, ceramic, glass, rubber, paper, ink;

  • Used as a PVC stabilizer;

Cadmium carbonate

513-78-0
(208-168-9)

Carcinogenic (Article 57a)
Mutagenic (Article 57b)
Specific target organ toxicity after repeated exposure (Article 57(f) - human health)

  • Used in laboratory chemicals;

  • Used in the manufacture of chemicals and electrical, electronic and optical equipment.

  • Used in batteries electrodes;

  • Used in metal coating with anti-corrosion, friction, reduction.

Chrysene

218-01-9
(205-923-4)

Carcinogenic (Article 57a)
PBT (Article 57d)
vPvB (Article 57e)

  • Normally not manufactured intentionally but may occur as a constituent or impurities in other substances.

  • This PAH can be found as impurities in plastic, pigment, paint and adhesive.

Reaction products of 1,3,4-thiadiazolidine-2,5-dithione, formaldehyde and 4-heptylphenol, branched and linear (RP-HP) [with ≥0.1% w/w 4-heptylphenol, branched and linear]

- (-)

Endocrine disrupting properties (Article 57(f) - environment)

  • Used in the formulation of lubricant additives, lubricants and greases.

Remark:
vPvB: very persistent and very bioaccumulative
PBT: persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic

[1] ECHA Press release – Official publication of Candidate List to 181 SVHCs
[2] The official Candidate List
[3] Decision of the ECHA - Inclusion of substances of very high concern in the Candidate List for eventual inclusion in Annex XIV (explain whether substances are included in the Candidate List) 


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