FMVSS Testing and Compliance

Automotive FMVSS Testing and Compliance

Gain safety compliance for motor vehicles and motor vehicle equipment

Gain safety compliance for motor vehicles and motor vehicle equipment


Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) identify mandatory minimum safety performance requirements for motor vehicles and certain motor vehicle equipment in the United States. FMVSS have the goal of protecting the public by minimizing traffic crashes and deaths and injuries resulting from traffic crashes. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) is the federal government agency that issues and enforces FMVSS for motor vehicles and regulated motor vehicle parts that are manufactured domestically or imported to the United States.

The Vehicle Safety Act requires that motor vehicles and regulated motor vehicle equipment manufactured for sale in the United States be certified to comply with all applicable FMVSS. Type approval is not required for motor vehicles and motor vehicle equipment sold in the United States. Instead, a “self-certification” process is in place, which requires the manufacturer to certify the vehicle or equipment item as complying with the applicable FMVSS.

Benefits of FMVSS compliance:

  • Gaining access to one of the world’s largest automotive markets
  • Optimizing sales revenue potential
  • Eliminating the need for expensive product redesign
  • Reflecting positively on your company’s reputation


TÜV SÜD is a worldwide leader in automotive homologation services. We have more than a century of automotive testing and certification experience, and our testing laboratories are ISO/IEC 17025-accredited. Our homologation experts can provide guidance so that you can comply with FMVSS as you manufacture motor vehicles and motor vehicle equipment.

Our global teams can partner with you through the FMVSS testing, certification, and compliance process. Your FMVSS compliance will assure you access to the United States automotive market. Our homologation experts and strategic partners based in the United States, provide a comprehensive range of technical advisory, testing and homologation services to help you comply with constantly evolving regulations.


We support you in meeting the applicable FMVSS requirements required to export your vehicles or related systems and components to the US market.


We perform the full range of testing services for your vehicles and automotive components to ensure that they meet the requirements before entering the US market.


TÜV SÜD helps you understand and identify the overlaps and evolving requirements of different regulations so that you can achieve multiple certifications within one project.

TÜV SÜD is able assist with many of the United States FMVSS standards, such as:

FMVSS crash avoidance – 100-series. This includes: 

  • FMVSS 101 - Controls and Displays
  • FMVSS 102 - Transmission Shift Position Sequence, Starter Interlock, and Transmission Braking Effect
  • FMVSS 103 - Windshield Defrosting and Defogging Systems
  • FMVSS 104 - Windshield Wiping and Washing Systems
  • FMVSS 105 - Hydraulic and Electric Brake Systems
  • FMVSS 106 - Brake Hoses
  • FMVSS 108 - Lamps, Reflective Devices, and Associated Equipment
  • FMVSS 110 - Tire Selection and Rims for Passenger Cars
  • FMVSS 111 - Rearview Mirrors
  • FMVSS 113 - Hood Latch System
  • FMVSS 114 - Theft Protection and Rollaway Prevention
  • FMVSS 116 - Motor Vehicle Brake Fluids
  • FMVSS 118 - Power-Operated Window, Partition, and Roof Panel Systems
  • FMVSS 119 - New Pneumatic Tires for Motor Vehicles other than Passenger Cars
  • FMVSS 120 - Tire Selection and Rims for Motor Vehicles other than Passenger Cars
  • FMVSS 121 - Air Brake Systems
  • FMVSS 124 - Accelerator Control Systems
  • FMVSS 125 - Warning Devices
  • FMVSS 126 - Electronic Stability Control Systems
  • FMVSS 131 - School Bus Pedestrian Safety Devices
  • FMVSS 135 - Light Vehicle Brake Systems
  • FMVSS 138 - Tire Pressure Monitoring Systems
  • FMVSS 139 - New Pneumatic Radial Tires for Light Vehicles

FMVSS crashworthiness – 200-series. This includes:

  • FMVSS 201 - Occupant Protection in Interior Impact
  • FMVSS 202 - Head Restraints
  • FMVSS 203 - Impact Protection for the Driver from the Steering Control System
  • FMVSS 204 - Steering Control Rearward Displacement
  • FMVSS 205 - Glazing Materials
  • FMVSS 206 - Door Locks and Door Retention Components
  • FMVSS 207 - Seating Systems
  • FMVSS 208 - Occupant Crash Protection
  • FMVSS 209 - Seat Belt Assemblies
  • FMVSS 210 - Seat Belt Assembly Anchorages
  • FMVSS 212 - Windshield Mounting
  • FMVSS 213 - Child Restraint Systems
  • FMVSS 214 - Side Impact Protection
  • FMVSS 216 - Roof Crush Resistance
  • FMVSS 217 - Bus Emergency Exits and Window Retention and Release
  • FMVSS 219 - Windshield Zone Intrusion
  • FMVSS 220 - School Bus Rollover Protection
  • FMVSS 221 - School Bus Body Joint Strength
  • FMVSS 222 - School Bus Passenger Seating and Crash Protection
  • FMVSS 223 - Rear Impact Guards
  • FMVSS 224 - Rear Impact Protection
  • FMVSS 225 - Child Restraint Anchorage Systems

FMVSS post-crash survivability – 300-series. This includes: 

  • FMVSS 301 - Fuel System Integrity
  • FMVSS 302 - Flammability of Interior Materials
  • FMVSS 303 - Fuel System Integrity of Compressed Natural Gas Vehicles
  • FMVSS 304 - Compressed Natural Gas Fuel Container Integrity
  • FMVSS 305 - Electric-Powered Vehicles, Electrolyte Spillage and Electrical Shock Protection
  • FMVSS 401 - Interior Trunk Release
  • FMVSS 403 - Platform Lift Systems for Motor Vehicles
  • FMVSS 404 - Platform Lift Installations in Motor Vehicles
  • FMVSS 500 - Low-Speed Vehicles

Learn More About US Vehicle Requirements


Street / motorway with cars in USA
White paper

The Importance of Homologation in an Evolving U.S. Auto Market

A closer look at the U.S. vehicle homologation approach vs. common global practices

Learn More


Next Steps

Site Selector