Your regular update for technical and industry information

Your regular update for technical and industry information

EU: European Commission adopts aniline restriction in toys


The European Commission (EC) proposed to restrict the presence of aniline in certain toys in September 20201. On 4 June 2021, Directive (EU) 2021/9032 was published to amend Appendix C to Annex II to the Toy Safety Directive 2009/48/EC to add new limit values for aniline in toys intended for use by children under 36 months or in other toys intended to be placed in the mouth. This will come into effect from 5 December 2022. The new restriction is summarised in Table 1 below.

Table 1. Summary of new aniline restriction

Toy Material Limit value 
Textile 30 mg/kg after reductive cleavage
Leather 30 mg/kg after reductive cleavage
Finger paints

10 mg/kg as free aniline

30 mg/kg after reductive cleavage 


The presence of aniline in certain toys is currently being restricted by the toy safety standard EN 71-9 and EN 71-7, of which its latest version – EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020 was recently harmonised3. The requirements are summarised in Table 2 below.

Table 2. Summary of aniline requirement in EN 71-7 and EN 71-9

Standard Requirement 
EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020 must not exceed 10 mg/kg, together with other carcinogenic primary aromatic amines must not exceed 20 mg/kg in finger paint
EN 71-9:2005+A1:2007
must not exceed the action limit – 5 mg/kg, in certain toy components, including accessible textiles and leather material in toys for children under 3, accessible coloured liquids, wood and paper in toys for children under 3 and with a mass of 150 g or less, etc.
Aniline (CAS no.: 62-53-3) has been classified as carcinogenic category 2 and mutagenic category 2. It is also considered a non-threshold carcinogen. Several EU Member States have long been concerning the hazard it poses to children’s health. The limit values in this Directive are therefore set to the lowest concentrations that can be reliably be checked in routine tests.



[1]  EU: European Commission proposes to regulate aniline in toys, September 2020

[2]  Directive (EU) 2021/903

[3]  EU: European Commission Updates Citations of Standards for Toys, June 2021


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