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WHAT IS FABRIC TESTING?

Every garment is manufactured from fabric that is either woven, knitted, colour dyed, or printed. Before mass producing the garment, the manufacturer needs to ensure that the end product meets the textile compliance requirements and buyer’s safety and environmental sustainability expectations. Fabric or textile testing ensures that the manufacturer’s lot is not rejected for quality and safety concerns.

OBJECTIVES OF FABRIC INSPECTION & TESTING

The important objectives of textile inspection and testing are:

1. Ensure that the fabric conforms to the specifications and standards.

2. Observe and document any structural changes in the material.

3. Note the effect of external factors such as weather, washing, or physical and chemical treatment.

4. Predict the performance of the fabric when in use.

5. Investigate the root cause of any fabric failure if there’s been a customer complaint.

6. Design fabric for a specific purpose.

7. Study the interaction of yarn within the fabric as per its properties.

 

LIST OF COMMON FABRIC TESTS

To confirm fabric quality and to locate any flaws in the cloth, fabric testing is essential. Particular types of textile certification are required, and they may vary from one buyer to another. Fabric certification includes a series of textile testing steps. Common ones include:

1. Fabric strength test.

2. Resistance against abrasion test.

3. Fabric stiffness test.

4. Drape test.

5. Crease recovery and resistance test.

6. Pilling test.

7. Special properties test.

8. Resistance against colour loss test.

9. Shrinkage test.

 

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Why is textile and fabric testing so important?

    Fabric inspection and testing include a series of steps that lead to textile certification as per the buyer’s standards. Before mass producing and sending goods to the market, a manufacturer needs to perform quality control and provide supporting certificates to build trust.

  • What are GPT and FPT in textile testing?

    GPT stands for Garment Performance/ Package Test, and FPT stands for Fabric Performance/ Package Test. Some of the standard tests under GPT are:

    1. Fabric weight.
    2. pH value.
    3. Stretch and recovery.
    4. Tear strength.
    5. Seam strength.
    6. Mechanical hazards.
    7. Construction review.
    8. Tensile strength.

    Standard FPT tests for fabric testing include:

    a. Fabric weight.
    b. Fabric construction.
    c. The fibre content in the fabric.
    d. Weave construction.
    e. Yarn count.
    f. Colour fastness.

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