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EU: REACH candidate list includes 219 SVHCs now

JULY 2021 - ELECTRICALS AND ELECTRONICS, HARDLINES, SOFTLINES, TOYS AND CHILDREN'S PRODUCTS

On 8 July 2021, the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) published1 the 25th update of the REACH Candidate List. Eight (8) new Substances of Very High Concern (SVHCs) were added. Hence, the total number of SVHCs on the Candidate List increases from 211 to 2192.

All eight substances which underwent public consultation during March and April of 2021 were identified as SVHCs and included in the Candidate List. Table A lists the SVHCs newly included in the 25th update of the Candidate List.

Moreover, on 1 June 2021, the European Commission (EC) submitted a notification3 to the World Trade Organization (WTO) about the identification of resorcinol as a substance of very high concern (SVHC). This decision is expected to publish by the 4th quarter of 2021. Resorcinol was proposed to be identified as SVHC in the 23rd public consultation. However, it was not identified as an SVHC by that time. Once the EC decision is published, ECHA will follow up to include resorcinol into SVHC Candidate List.

Besides the legal obligations (i.e. communication and notification) resulting from the inclusion of the SVHCs in the Candidate List, starting from 5 January 2021, companies that supply articles with SVHC exceeding 0.1% by weight in the EU market have to submit information to ECHA via SCIP database4. This is a new obligation under the Waste Framework Directive.

Table A.  Newly added SVHCs in the 25th update of Candidate List 

Substance name

CAS number

(EC number)

Reason for inclusion

Potential Application

1,4-dioxane

123-91-1

(204-661-8)

Carcinogenic (Article 57a)

Equivalent level of concern having probable serious effects on the environment (Article 57f)

Equivalent level of concern having probable serious effects on human health (Article 57f)

It is used as solvent in in the synthesis of chemicals and can be found as by-products during chemical synthesis.

2,2-bis(bromomethyl)propane1,3-diol (BMP), 
2,2-dimethylpropan-1-ol, tribromo derivative/3-bromo-2,2-bis(bromomethyl)-1-propanol (TBNPA), 
2,3-dibromo-1-propanol (2,3-DBPA)

3296-90-0, 36483-57-5/ 1522-92-5, 96-13-9
(221-967-7, 253-057-0/ 202-480-9, -)

Carcinogenic (Article 57a)

It may be used as flame retardant in plastic articles. 

2-(4-tert-butylbenzyl)propionaldehyde and its individual stereoisomers

-

Toxic for reproduction (Article 57c)

It is used in many different applications including cleaning agents, biocides, polishes and waxes, cosmetics and personal care products, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, finger paints and inks and toners.

4,4'-(1-methylpropylidene)bisphenol; (bisphenol B)

77-40-7

(201-025-1)

Endocrine disrupting properties (Article 57(f) - environment AND human health

Bisphenol B is structurally similar to bisphenol A which is currently listed on the Candidate List. It may be used in the manufacture of phenolic and polycarbonate resins.

Glutaral

111-30-8

(203-856-5)

Respiratory sensitising properties (Article 57(f) - human health)

It is used as biocide for leather tanning and x-ray film processing.

Medium-chain chlorinated paraffins (MCCP) [UVCB substances consisting of more than or equal to 80% linear chloroalkanes with carbon chain lengths within the range from C14 to C17]

-

PBT (Article 57d)   

vPvB (Article 57e)

It is a flame retardant and used as secondary plasticising additives in plastics, sealants, rubber and textiles.

Orthoboric acid, sodium salt

13840-56-7(237-560-2)

Toxic for reproduction (Article 57c)

It is used as solvent and corrosion inhibitor.

Phenol, alkylation products (mainly in para position) with C12-rich branched or linear alkyl chains from oligomerisation, covering any individual isomers and/ or combinations thereof (PDDP)

-

Toxic for reproduction (Article 57c)  

Endocrine disrupting properties (Article 57(f) – human health) 

Endocrine disrupting properties (Article 57(f) – environment)

It is mainly used for the preparation of a variety of lubricant additive materials and for fuel system cleaners. Further uses as an intermediate for the production of special resins, paints, varnishes and coating resins as well as a monomer for  phenol/formaldehyde resins and ink resins.

 

[1] ECHA’s press release

[2] The official Candidate List

[3] WTO Notification – Proposal of identifying resorcinol as a SVHC

[4]  SCIP database

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